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The city of Reims is a commune in France, located in the Marne department in the Grand Est region. Covering an area of 47.02 km2, it is the capital of this district and is home to approximately 180,000 inhabitants. Reims is often referred to as the "City of Kings" due to its rich historical heritage, which attracts tourists and vacationers alike. Visitors can admire notable landmarks such as the Palais du Tau, the renowned Basilica of Saint-Rémi, and the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Reims. Several of these sites have even been designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Reims is particularly appreciated for its picturesque and diverse setting, offering a blend of natural beauty and exotic charm.
History of Reims
In 511, Reims became the capital of the Kingdom of Australia. During the Renaissance, specifically around 1559, the city witnessed the Protestant reform. In 1548, the first university of Reims was established by the Cardinal of Lorraine. Nine years later, the College of Good Kids was founded, offering education in arts, followed by the addition of theology, law, and medicine. After the massacre of Wassy, which resulted in the death of hundreds of Protestants, the troops devastated the countryside, forcing people to seek refuge within the city walls. From 1757, the construction of the royal square began, while the city already boasted a city hall, an archiepiscopal palace, and a Jesuit college of Reims established between 1498 and 1627.
During the modern era, Reims attracted numerous visitors through its fairs, including the Easter fair held at the Place de la Couture, showcasing products made from leather, wool, linen, and hemp. During the French Revolution, the University of Reims expanded and introduced new courses in mathematics, drawing, delivery, anatomy, and chemistry. The twentieth century marked significant advancements in aviation for the city. Reims became a prominent center for aviation in France and globally, with Henri Farman completing the first round-the-world air travel in October 1905.
The devastation of Reims occurred during World War I, with major destruction, including the bombing of the Notre-Dame Cathedral on September 4, 1914. The cathedral's north tower, nave, and apse were engulfed in flames, resulting in the loss of sculptures, stained glass windows, the roof, and the frame. French shells also damaged the monument during this period. After the Battle of the Marne, the French regained control of the city. However, in April 1917, Reims was heavily bombarded, resulting in extensive damage. By 1918, over half of Reims was completely destroyed, earning it the reputation as the "most battered city in France."
Following the Second World War, Reims experienced significant urbanization, including the development of popular neighborhoods. Despite the destruction, Reims has preserved historical remnants that bear witness to its storied past, allowing visitors to trace its history through these vestiges.
Reims is ranked as the 12th largest commune in France and the 29th largest urban district. It is a popular destination that attracts a significant number of tourists every year. The city is often referred to as "the city of coronations" or "the city of kings". Since the introduction of the tramway service in 2011, the population of Reims has experienced a slight increase, reaching 184,076 inhabitants in 2015. The population of the city is relatively young, with a rate of individuals over 60 years old at 17.4%, which is lower than the national rate of 21.6% and the county rate of 20%. Similar to national and departmental trends, the female population in Reims exceeds the male population, with a rate of 52.8% compared to the national rate of 51.6%.
Reims is home to numerous educational institutions, including primary schools, secondary schools, and universities. It is also host to several higher education establishments such as NEOMA Business School, the Graduate School of Packaging and Packaging Engineering, ESI Reims (Institute of Engineering), Sciences Po (Institute of Political Studies), and Exia (Higher School in Applied Computing). In terms of economic development, Reims benefits from an active population, which contributes significantly to its economic dynamism. If you want to go to Reims, do not hesitate to get in touch with us to book one of our pick-ups, limousines, cars, vans
What to visit in Reims ?
Reims is a city that attracts a large number of tourists due to its wealth of historical monuments. When it comes to religious heritage, the city is renowned for its thirteenth-century Notre-Dame Cathedral, which welcomes approximately 10,000 visitors annually. Additionally, the Saint-Rémi Basilica, dating back to 1007, and the Tau Palace, built during the reign of Louis XIV, are also significant attractions.
In terms of cultural heritage, Reims captivates visitors, particularly intellectuals and history enthusiasts, with its numerous museums. One of the notable institutions is the Museum of Fine Arts, which is among the oldest museums in the region and houses a diverse collection representing major artistic movements from the 15th to the 20th century. The museum hotel Le Vergeur is another must-visit location in Reims, featuring antiquities, including around fifty engravings by Albert Dürer, as well as furniture and artworks from Asia dating back to the 19th century. The Saint-Rémi Museum is dedicated to the history and archaeology of Reims and holds World Heritage status, along with the Saint-Rémi Abbey and the Palais du Tau. The Reims Champagne Automobile Museum, established in 1908, is also a significant attraction.
Reims boasts an impressive environmental heritage, with 82 parks and 14 playgrounds scattered throughout the city. Its gardens are recognized as part of the French architectural heritage, including the Pierre Schneilter Horticultural Garden, the Saint-Nicaise Buttes Garden, and the Patte d'Oie Park. Green spaces like Léo-Lagrange Park and numerous hiking trails offer opportunities for leisurely enjoyment during a stay in Reims. For convenient exploration of the city, a reliable car service is always available at your disposal.
Discover the Palais du Tau in Reims
Situated in the heart of Reims, in the Champagne-Ardenne region, the Palais du Tau is a highly visited historic monument. Formerly the residence of the Archbishops of Reims, this palace holds many hidden treasures and memories that recount the city's rich history spanning millennia. It is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Origins of the Name "Palais du Tau"
The name "Palais du Tau" derives from its "T" shaped plan and has been used since 1138. It is also linked to the shape of the first episcopal staffs.
More About the Palace
As previously mentioned, the remarkable Palais du Tau served as the residence for the bishops and archbishops of Reims. From the 11th to the 19th century, the palace hosted lavish banquets to celebrate the coronations of the French kings. Until the 19th century, the kings of France were crowned in the nearby Reims Cathedral, adjacent to the Palace. Initially, the Gothic style dominated the palace in the 16th century. However, over the years, the building underwent numerous transformations, and it now presents a Baroque style from the 18th century. Inside the palace, you will find articles detailing the progression of these coronations, as well as statues, artworks, and remarkable 15th-century tapestries. Notable treasures housed in the Palace include the Chalice of Saint Remi and a talisman that once belonged to Charlemagne, the King of the Franks in the 8th century.
Discover Notre-Dame de Reims Cathedral
Are you planning a stay in Reims? Don't miss the opportunity to visit the Notre-Dame de Reims Cathedral. It is a significant historical landmark and a renowned cultural site that the region takes pride in.
Notre-Dame de Reims Cathedral in a Nutshell
Notre-Dame de Reims Cathedral is a Catholic church and a true masterpiece of Gothic architecture. It spans 139 meters in length, 49.5 meters in width, and stands at 38 meters in height. The exterior is adorned with precisely 2,303 statues, while the interior features stunning stained-glass windows. You can't miss it! The cathedral is dedicated to the Virgin Mary and was initially constructed in 1211 under the guidance of Archbishop Alberic of Humber. Throughout the years, it has undergone renovations and reconstructions without compromising its aesthetic appeal. Notre-Dame de Reims Cathedral has played various significant roles in history, including hosting baptisms and coronations of notable figures in France, making it a cornerstone of the country's history.
How to Visit Notre-Dame de Reims Cathedral?
Notre-Dame de Reims Cathedral welcomes visitors from 7:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. daily, except on Sundays and religious holidays when visits are temporarily interrupted during mass services. However, you are still welcome to attend if you wish. The entrance fee is 9 euros for adults and 4.5 euros for children aged 12 and above. With your ticket, you can enjoy a guided tour of the premises.
Guided tours by your driver guide in Reims
Reims is part of the Marne department, in the Grand East region. It is worth noting that it is 46.6 km from the Cloister Museum of Notre-Dame-en-Vaux and 25.3 km from Grinyland. The city is 135.7 km from CDG Airport and 148.4 km from Orly Airport